How to Treat Gingivitis and Periodontitis

It is estimated that around 50% of all American adults, aged 30 and over have some level of gum disease, otherwise known as periodontal disease. Gingivitis and periodontitis are terms that your dentist may use to diagnose the stage of the disease. Gum disease can develop into more serious oral health problems if ignored. For example, gum disease is the most common cause of tooth loss.

What Is Gingivitis?

If your dentist tells you that you have gingivitis, it means that you have a mild form of gum disease or periodontal disease. Periodontal, literally means around the tooth, therefore describing where the disease is found. You may first see it in the soft tissue of your gums. 

Swollen gums, bleeding gums, or receding gums likely indicate gingivitis. Your gum tissue may also exhibit a bright red color.  Gingivitis can worsen into a more serious type of gum disease called periodontitis which will often lead to missing teeth.

What Causes Gingivitis?

Poor oral hygiene allows gingivitis to develop in the gum tissue. The pockets between the teeth and gums harbor bacteria. This bacteria forms plaque when it mixes with mucus and other particles in the mouth and it will stick to your teeth. Brushing and flossing into the gum line is essential to remove the plaque. 

The plaque will eventually harden into tartar. The immune system will react against this and cause swelling. The swollen gums will then pull away from the teeth, creating larger pockets. The larger pockets create more space for the bacteria to enter. This process can cause the transition from gingivitis to periodontitis.

How Does Periodontal Disease Develop?

If left untreated gingivitis can develop into a more serious type of gum disease called periodontitis. Periodontitis is when the gum disease is now attacking the alveolar bone and tissue around the tooth. Pocket depth enlarges between the gums and teeth as the inflammation gets worse. Teeth can become loose or eventually fall out as the support for the teeth from the bone and surrounding tissue weakens.

How Can I Get Rid of Gum Disease Fast?

Oral Care

Good oral hygiene is usually enough to prevent gum disease. Stick to a routine of brushing your teeth twice a day to remove the plaque from the surface of your teeth. Flossing at least once a day will remove the plaque between your teeth and gums. Be sure to go up in the gum line. 

You can also reduce bacteria by rinsing the mouth with a mouthwash. Poor dental hygiene is one of the biggest risk factors in developing gum disease.

See a Dental Professional

See your dentist or dental hygienist if you detect any symptoms of gum disease. They can give you treatment to prevent gum disease from developing. When they perform a dental cleaning it removes plaque and tartar from your teeth and root surfaces.

Home Treatment

You could try one of the gingivitis and periodontitis home remedies. One popular treatment that’s proven to help is coconut oil pulling. This involves rinsing the coconut oil inside your mouth. The lauric acid inside (45-50%) is anti-inflammatory and antimicrobial.

What To Do If You Are Missing Teeth?

If gum disease has caused you to lose teeth and would like to replace them then get in contact with the surgeons at Novato Oral Surgery. They recommend replacing teeth with dental implants. They look and function like natural teeth. They also contribute to dental health in ways that many other dental replacement options don’t provide. 

You can find their office in Novato, CA providing an ideal location for all those living in the surrounding San Francisco Bay region. Book an appointment now to see if dental implants are right for you.

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